Nipah Virus Resurfaces in Indian state of Kerala: Health Authorities on High Alert


Thousands of companies and other organizations have been closed in Kerala to tackle the current Nipah virus outbreak. The overall number of sicknesses in the state has grown to five.

 Kerala, The Indian state, is attempting to suppress the newest epidemic of the Nipah virus.

The virus has been reported in Bangladesh for the first time. Humans and animals can directly or indirectly infect each other by coming into touch with contaminated surfaces. Nipah can also be spread from person to person. This condition is distinguished by stroke or inflammation of active brain cells, and it can cause mild to severe symptoms, illness, and even death.

 Authorities are now seeking to find everybody who has had touch with the affected people so that they can be separated. People in the impacted area’s surrounding areas have also been warned.

Origin of virus:

The Nipah virus was found in 1998 in the Malaysian town of Sungai Nipa. It is a febrile encephalitis, or sickness caused by a virus invading the brain, and severe respiratory tract infections have been reported in some cases. Slaughterhouse employees were among the virus’s earliest victims. 

How virus spread:

The Nipah virus is found in fruit-dwelling bats, which feed on fruit juice and pulp. These bats are enormous. Scientists are still unsure how the virus spreads from fruit bats to pigs, cattle, or people.

 There is evidence both people and animals can become sick through contact with contaminated fruit bat saliva and urine. The 2018 epidemic in Kerala was triggered by polluted drinking water. Bats were discovered dead in the well of an afflicted family’s house in Changarathi in epidemic.

As a result of this episode, several families were unwell, and their contacts became infected with the Nipah virus.


There is currently no vaccine or medication for the Nipah virus for animals or people. So yet, the medications utilized in this respect have only been able to alleviate the disease’s symptoms. patients should be quickly segregated and moved to an intensive care unit, where important bodily functions can be sustained. Contact people or suspected patients should be quarantined to avoid the spread of infectious illness.

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